Saturday, 29 November 2008


Sincerity is the virtue of one who speaks truly about his or her own feelings, thoughts, desires.
Sincere expression carries risks to the speaker, since the ordinary screens used in everyday life are opened to the outside world. At the same time, we expect our friends, our lovers, our leaders "to be sincere".
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Happy Birthday Ryan Giggs

Ryan Giggs, jersey no.11
Birthdate: 29 Nov 1973
Birthplace: Cardiff, Wales
Position: Midfielder
Appearances: 772
Goals: 146
Joined United: 09 Jul 1990
United Debut: 02 Mar 1991 v Everton (H)
International: Wales (retired )
(source:, 29/11/2008)

Man Utd: December 2008
03 Dec League Cup (Carling) Blackburn H 20:00
06 Dec Barclays Premier League Sunderland H 17:30
10 Dec UEFA Champions League Aalborg BK H 19:45
13 Dec Barclays Premier League Tottenham A 17:30
26 Dec Barclays Premier League Stoke City A 12:45
29 Dec Barclays Premier League Middlesbrough H 20:00

Happy birthday Lorraine Kelly 30/11/2008

Lorraine Kelly (Presenter of LK Today)
Born: November 30, 1959 (1959-11-30) (age 48)
East Kilbride, Scotland
Occupation: Television presenter and journalist
Spouse: Steve Smith
Children: Rosie
Lorraine Kelly (born November 30, 1959 in East Kilbride) is a Scottish television presenter and journalist best known as a presenter for GMTV, the ITV morning television station. She currently resides in Blairgowrie, Perthshire. Kelly's husband is Dundonian, and this has led to a misconception that she is too. However, she spends time at a home in Blairgowrie and is an avid supporter of Dundee United.

Early life
Kelly's father John worked as a television service engineer. She attended Claremont High School in East Kilbride. She turned down a university place to read English and Russian in favour of a job on the East Kilbride News which was her local newspaper and then joined BBC Scotland as a researcher in 1983. She moved to TV-am as an on-screen reporter covering Scottish news in 1984.

In July 1989, she presented TV-am's Summer Sunday programme with chief reporter Geoff Meade, and in February 1990 she became a main presenter of Good Morning Britain alongside Mike Morris.

In April 1991, she was awarded the TRIC Diamond Jubilee Award for New Talent of the Year. She helped launch GMTV in January 1993, and presented a range of programmes, including the main breakfast show with Eamonn Holmes. She presented Liquid Eurovision and became the national spokeswoman for the United Kingdom during the collation of votes at the Eurovision Song Contest, in both 2003 and 2004, replacing the long-serving Colin Berry.

She writes weekly columns for The Sun and The Sunday Post. Kelly is also an avid Dundee United F.C. supporter and has been in attendance at matches. Between 2004 and 2007, she served a period as Rector of the University of Dundee. She currently resides near Dundee with her family when she is not working in London. She also has a home in Berkshire.

She has made several notable appearances on Have I Got News For You? and has presented it once herself. She also claims to have an in-built "bullshit detector". She also made a cameo appearance in the BBC Scotland soap opera, River City.

She currently presents her show LK Today which airs Monday to Thursday at 08:40 on GMTV, since 1994. From 2003, she co-presented This Morning with Phillip Schofield, on Mondays and Fridays, to allow Fern Britton to spend more time with her family, but she left in March 2006.

Kelly acted as the guest host for two shows in 2006. Firstly for an episode in the second series of The Friday Night Project for Channel 4 in January and then later, on 25 October for The Paul O'Grady Show. She did so again for Paul O'Grady on 30 November 2006, her 47th birthday and owing to sheer popularity, yet again on 7 November 2007 and more recently on 23 April.

Kelly also hosted the 9th annual Glenfiddich Spirit of Scotland Awards on Thursday November 30, 2006 for STV.

According to the Sunday Mirror, Kelly has been banned from appearing in an advertising campaign for ASDA because her boss, GMTV's managing director Clive Couch, feared that such a move would lead to more bad publicity for GMTV, which was fined £2 million by broadcasting regulator Ofcom in September for conning viewers with its premium-rate phone lines.

Kelly filmed an ITV documentary programme Secrets Revealed - DNA Stories in 2006, made by SMG Productions, although to date, the show has yet to be broadcast.

During a GMTV Studio tour, she admitted she likes to eat instant porridge oats for her breakfast. In a survey Kelly was voted the celebrity most people would like to buy a car from.

She has claimed that single-faith schools are a cause of sectarianism in Scotland.

Personal life
She is married to Steve Smith, then cameraman when she was covering Scotland for TV-am in 1985. They have a daughter, Rosie, who was born in June 1994. Lorraine returned from maternity leave in late 1994 to present her own show, Nine O'Clock Live, which was later retitled Lorraine Live and then, at the start of 2000, LK Today.

Lorraine Kelly's Grand-Parents are from the South Derry town of Draperstown.

On 5 September 2006, on GMTV, she examined her own family tree.

Kelly is a celebrity patron of the Association for International Cancer Research.

On June 20, 2008 it was announced that she was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws from the University of Dundee, where she was once rector.

Lorraine Kelly's Nutrition Made Easy (Virgin Books, due January 2009)
Lorraine Kelly's Junk-Free Children's Eating Plan (Virgin Books, 2007)
Lorraine Kelly's Baby and Toddler Eating Plan (Virgin Books, 2002 / 2004 / 2006)
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Friday, 28 November 2008

Favourite Books: Mathematics

Higher Engineering Mathematics
by J. O. Bird
List price: £24.99

John Birds approach, based on numerous worked examples and interactive problems, is ideal for students from a wide range of academic backgrounds, and can be worked through at the students own pace. Basic mathematical theories are explained in the simplest of terms, supported by practical engineering examples and applications from a wide variety of engineering disciplines, to ensure the reader can relate the theory to actual engineering practice. This extensive and thorough topic coverage makes this an ideal text for a range of university degree modules, Foundation Degrees, and HNC/D units. An established text which has helped many thousands of students to gain exam success, now in its fifth edition, "Higher Engineering Mathematics" has been further extended with new topics to maximise the books applicability for first year engineering degree students, and those following Foundation Degrees.New material includes: inequalities; differentiation of parametric equations; differentiation of hyperbolic functions; and homogeneous first order differential equations. This book also caters specifically for the engineering mathematics units of the Higher National Engineering schemes from Edexcel, including the core unit Analytical Methods for Engineers, and the two specialist units Further Analytical Methods for Engineers and Engineering Mathematics in their entirety, common to both the electrical/electronic engineering and mechanical engineering pathways. A mapping grid is included showing precisely which topics are required for the learning outcomes of each unit, for ease of reference.The book is supported by a suite of free web downloads such as: Introductory-level algebra - to enable students to revise basic algebra needed for engineering courses; Instructor's Manual - featuring full worked solutions and mark scheme for all 19 assignments in the book and the remedial algebra assignment; and, Extensive Solutions Manual - 640 pages featuring worked solutions for 1,000 of the further problems and exercises in the book. New edition includes new and extended coverage of additional topics for undergraduate study and Foundation Degree courses. It includes over 1,000 worked examples and over 1,750 problems, to enable the student to apply mathematics in real-world engineering contexts. An extensive Solutions Manual provides solutions to over 1,000 of the 1,750 further problems and is available as a free download for lecturers.

Book details
Format: Paperback 744 pages
Date of publication: 24/11/2006
Publisher: Newnes
(source: waterstone's website)

Sen McCain's 'Thank You' message

Remarks from Senator John McCain

November 4, 2008
Thank you. Thank you, my friends. Thank you for coming here on this beautiful Arizona evening.

My friends, we have -- we have come to the end of a long journey. The American people have spoken, and they have spoken clearly. A little while ago, I had the honor of calling Senator Barack Obama to congratulate him on being elected the next president of the country that we both love.

In a contest as long and difficult as this campaign has been, his success alone commands my respect for his ability and perseverance. But that he managed to do so by inspiring the hopes of so many millions of Americans who had once wrongly believed that they had little at stake or little influence in the election of an American president is something I deeply admire and commend him for achieving.

This is an historic election, and I recognize the special significance it has for African-Americans and for the special pride that must be theirs tonight.

I've always believed that America offers opportunities to all who have the industry and will to seize it. Senator Obama believes that, too. But we both recognize that though we have come a long way from the old injustices that once stained our nation's reputation and denied some Americans the full blessings of American citizenship, the memory of them still had the power to wound.

A century ago, President Theodore Roosevelt's invitation of Booker T. Washington to dine at the White House was taken as an outrage in many quarters. America today is a world away from the cruel and prideful bigotry of that time. There is no better evidence of this than the election of an African American to the presidency of the United States. Let there be no reason now for any American to fail to cherish their citizenship in this, the greatest nation on Earth.

Senator Obama has achieved a great thing for himself and for his country. I applaud him for it, and offer in my sincere sympathy that his beloved grandmother did not live to see this day, though our faith assures us she is at rest in the presence of her creator and so very proud of the good man she helped raise.

Senator Obama and I have had and argued our differences, and he has prevailed. No doubt many of those differences remain. These are difficult times for our country, and I pledge to him tonight to do all in my power to help him lead us through the many challenges we face.

I urge all Americans who supported me to join me in not just congratulating him, but offering our next president our good will and earnest effort to find ways to come together, to find the necessary compromises, to bridge our differences, and help restore our prosperity, defend our security in a dangerous world, and leave our children and grandchildren a stronger, better country than we inherited.

Whatever our differences, we are fellow Americans. And please believe me when I say no association has ever meant more to me than that.

It is natural tonight to feel some disappointment, but tomorrow we must move beyond it and work together to get our country moving again. We fought as hard as we could.

And though we fell short, the failure is mine, not yours.

I am so deeply grateful to all of you for the great honor of your support and for all you have done for me. I wish the outcome had been different, my friends. The road was a difficult one from the outset. But your support and friendship never wavered. I cannot adequately express how deeply indebted I am to you.

I am especially grateful to my wife, Cindy, my children, my dear mother and all my family and to the many old and dear friends who have stood by my side through the many ups and downs of this long campaign. I have always been a fortunate man, and never more so for the love and encouragement you have given me.

You know, campaigns are often harder on a candidate's family than on the candidate, and that's been true in this campaign. All I can offer in compensation is my love and gratitude, and the promise of more peaceful years ahead.

I am also, of course, very thankful to Governor Sarah Palin, one of the best campaigners I have ever seen and an impressive new voice in our party for reform and the principles that have always been our greatest strength. Her husband Todd and their five beautiful children with their tireless dedication to our cause, and the courage and grace they showed in the rough-and-tumble of a presidential campaign. We can all look forward with great interest to her future service to Alaska, the Republican Party and our country.

To all my campaign comrades, from Rick Davis and Steve Schmidt and Mark Salter, to every last volunteer who fought so hard and valiantly month after month in what at times seemed to be the most challenged campaign in modern times, thank you so much. A lost election will never mean more to me than the privilege of your faith and friendship.

I don't know what more we could have done to try to win this election. I'll leave that to others to determine. Every candidate makes mistakes, and I'm sure I made my share of them. But I won't spend a moment of the future regretting what might have been.

This campaign was and will remain the great honor of my life. And my heart is filled with nothing but gratitude for the experience and to the American people for giving me a fair hearing before deciding that Senator Obama and my old friend Senator Joe Biden should have the honor of leading us for the next four years.

I would not be an American worthy of the name, should I regret a fate that has allowed me the extraordinary privilege of serving this country for a half a century. Today, I was a candidate for the highest office in the country I love so much. And tonight, I remain her servant. That is blessing enough for anyone and I thank the people of Arizona for it.

Tonight, more than any night, I hold in my heart nothing but love for this country and for all its citizens, whether they supported me or Senator Obama, I wish Godspeed to the man who was my former opponent and will be my president.

And I call on all Americans, as I have often in this campaign, to not despair of our present difficulties but to believe always in the promise and greatness of America, because nothing is inevitable here.

Americans never quit. We never surrender. We never hide from history, we make history.

Thank you, and God bless you, and God bless America. Thank you all very much. 9(source:

Man United to sign a winger in January

Tosic granted work permit
Manchester United have secured a work permit for Zoran Tosic.

The 21-year-old Partisan Belgrade winger was linked with the Reds in various UK papers last weekend and the club can now confirm the application for his work permit has been successful. No transfer can be completed until 1 January.

Tosic, renowned as a dead-ball specialist, is a full Serbian international. (Source:

My views:
May be Ronaldo is on the way out, if he doesn't show commitment and loyalty to the club! Let's wait and see!!

EPA: Mramba, Yona 'ndani'

Mramba, Yona wadaiwa kuathirika kisaikolojia

Wakati Basil Mramba na Daniel Yona wanaokabiliwa na mashitaka ya kutumia vibaya madaraka yao, wakiendelea kusota katika gereza la Keko kwa siku ya nne sasa, mawakili wao watetea wamedai kuwa wateja wao wameathirika kisaikolojia kutokana na masharti magumu ya dhamana.

Kiongozi wa jopo la mawakili wanaowatetea washitakiwa hao ambao walikuwa mawaziri waandamizi wa serikali ya Awamu ya Tatu, Joseph Thadeo, jana alidai kuwa wameamua kwenda Mahakama Kuu kupinga masharti magumu ya dhamana yaliyotolewa na Hakimu Mkazi wa Mahakama ya Kisutu, Hezron Mwankenja.

Alidai kuwa kiasi ambacho wateja wao wameshitakiwa nacho ni Sh. bilioni 11.75 na kwa mujibu wa masharti ya dhamana kwa pamoja wangetakiwa watoe nusu ya kiasi cha fedha hizo ambazo ni Sh bilioni 5.87 ambazo ni Sh bilioni 2.97 kwa kila mteja.

Alidai kinyume chake Mahakama iliwataka kila mmoja kulipa Sh bilioni 3.9 kwa pamoja ni sawa na Sh bilioni 7.8

Maombi ya kupinga masharti ya dhamana yanaanza kusikilizwa leo chini ya Jaji wa Mahakama Kuu Kanda ya Dar es Salaam, Njengafibili Mwaikugile.

Mramba na Yona walifikishwa mapema wiki hii katika Mahakama ya Hakimu Mkazi Kisutu, mbele ya Hakimu Mkazi, Hezron Mwankenja na kusomewa jumla ya makosa 13 yakiwamo ya kutumia vibaya madaraka yao ambayo yaliisababishia serikali hasara ya Sh. bilioni 11.75.

Baada ya washtakiwa kusomewa mashitaka yao, mahakama ilitoa masharti ya dhamana ambayo ni pamoja na washtakiwa hao kujidhamini kwa Sh. bilioni 7.8, ambapo kila mmoja alipaswa kulipa Sh. bilioni 3.9.

Washitakiwa pia walitakiwa kuwasilisha hati za kusafiria na walitakiwa wasitoke nje ya Mkoa wa Dar es Salaam bila kibali cha mahakama hiyo.

Baada ya mahakama kutoa masharti hayo, mawakili wa upande wa utetezi hawakuridhika na uamuzi huo na waliwasilisha barua ya kuomba mwenendo wa uamuzi wa dhamana.

Mawakili hao waliomba mwenendo wa uamuzi huo uchapishwe kwa madhumuni ya kutaka kuupinga.
Juzi mawakili hao walionekana katika harakati zao Mahakama ya Hakimu Mkazi Kisutu jijini Dar es Salaam kujaribu kuwatoa wateja wao katika gereza la Keko ambako wanashikiliwa.

Mawakili wa washitakiwa wanadai kwamba kiwango cha dhamana kilichowekwa na Mahakama ya Kisutu ni kubwa mno hivyo kuwaathiri kisaikolojia wateja wao.

Wakati wa kusomewa mashitaka, Mwendesha Mashitaka wa Taasisi ya Kuzuia na Kupambana na Rushwa (Takukuru), Joseph Ole, aliwasomea mashitaka yao akidai kuwa, kati ya Agosti mwaka 2002 na Juni 14 mwaka 2004 jijini Dar es Salaam, washitakiwa wakiwa watumishi wa umma kama mawaziri walitumia vibaya madaraka yao.

Ilidaiwa kuwa walitumia madaraka yao vibaya kwa kuipatia mkataba wa kukagua uzalishaji wa dhahabu kampuni ya Alex Stewart (ASSAYERS) ya Uingereza na kampuni yake tanzu Alex Stewart (ASSAYERS) Government Business Corporation, kinyume cha sheria ya Manunuzi ya Umma ya mwaka 2002 na ile ya Madini ya mwaka 2002.

Katika shitaka la pili, Mramba na Yona wanadaiwa kuwa Mei 28, mwaka 2005 wakiwa watumishi wa umma jijini Dar es Salaam, wakiitumikia serikali katika nafasi za uwaziri wa Fedha na Nishati na Madini, kwa pamoja walitumia vibaya madaraka yao kwa kusaini mikataba ya kuiongezea kampuni hiyo muda wa miaka miwili wa kuendelea kukagua madini ya dhahabu kuanzia Juni 2005 hadi Juni 2007 kinyume cha Sheria ya Manunuzi ya Umma.

Ole aliendelea kudai kuwa, katika shitaka la tatu wote wawili wanadaiwa kuwa kati Machi na Mei mwaka 2005 wakiwa watumishi wa umma, walitumia vibaya madaraka yao kwa kumualika Dk. Enrique Segura wa M/S Alex Stewart (ASSAYERS) Government Business Corporation kuja kusaini mkataba wa nyongeza wa miaka miwili kabla Timu ya Majadiliano ya serikali haijaanza kulifanyia kazi suala hilo.

Katika shitaka la nne, kati ya Machi na Mei mwaka 2005, washitakiwa wanadaiwa kuwa walitumia nyadhifa zao vibaya kwa kukaidi kupeleka kwa Mwanasheria Mkuu wa Serikali suala la kodi kama ilivyopendekezwa na Timu ya Serikali ya Majadiliano, jambo ambalo lilisababisha mkataba uongezwe wa miaka miwili bila kupitishwa na Timu ya Majadiliano.

Shitaka la tano, ilidaiwa kuwa mshitakiwa Mramba Oktoba 10, mwaka 2003 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alidharau mapendekezo ya Mamlaka ya Mapato Tanzania (TRA) ya kutokutoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo.

Katika shitaka la sita, Mramba anadaiwa kati ya 18 na 19 Desemba mwaka 2003, akiwa Waziri wa Fedha, alitoa kibali namba GN 423/2003 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kinyume cha mapendekezo ya TRA.
Katika shitaka la saba, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa Desemba 19, mwaka 2003 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha, alitumia madaraka vibaya kwa kutoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo.

Ole aliongeza kuwa shitaka la nane, Oktoba 15, mwaka 2004 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitoa kibali namba GN 497/2004 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo kinyume cha mapendekezo ya TRA.

Shitaka la tisa, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa kati 14 na 15 Oktoba 2004, akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitumia madaraka yake vibaya kwa kutoa kibali namba GN 498/2004 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo kinyume cha mapendekezo ya TRA.

Katika shitaka la 10, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa Novemba 15, mwaka 2005 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitumia madaraka yake vibaya kwa kutoa kibali namba GN 377/2005 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kinyume cha mapendekezo ya TRA.

Katika shitaka la 11, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa Novemba 15, 2005 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitumia madaraka yake vibaya kwa kutoa kibali namba GN 378/2005 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo kinyume cha mapendekezo ya TRA.

Katika shitaka 12, Mramba na Yona wanadaiwa kuwa kati ya Juni 2003 na Mei 2005 wakiwa na nyadhifa hizo za uwaziri kwa makusudi na kutowajibika waliruhusu mkataba wa kuzuia kulipa kodi ili kuipendelea kampuni hiyo na kuisababishia serikali hasara ya Sh. 11, 752,350,148.00.

Katika shitaka la mwisho, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa kati ya 2003 na 2007 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha kwa makusudi alishindwa kuwa makini au kutotimiza wajibu wake alisaini vibali vilivyotajwa katika mashitaka yaliyoelezwa hapo juu, kuruhusu kampuni hiyo kutokulipa kodi na kuisababishia serikali hasara ya Sh. bilioni 11.75.

Washitakiwa kwa nyakati tofauti walikana mashitaka yote.

Hata hivyo, upande wa mashitaka ulidai kuwa upelelezi bado haujakamilika na kwamba hauna pingamizi la dhamana dhidi ya washitakiwa. Kesi yao itatajwa Desemba 2, mwaka huu. (SOURCE: Nipashe, 2008-11-28 10:25:32
Na Joseph Mwendapole)

Katika hatua nyingine, (mwandishi wa Majira anaripoti kuwa) leo Mahakama Kuu itasikiliza maombi ya Bw. Mramba na Yona ya kuitaka Mahakama Kuu iingilie kati kile watuhumiwa hao wanacholalamikia kuwa ni masharti magumu ya dhamana waliyowekewa na Mahakama ya Hakimu Mkazi Kisutu.

Watuhumiwa hao kupitia mawakili wao waliwasilisha rasmi maombi yao hayo jana kwenye Mahakama Kuu Kanda ya Dar es Salaam.

Kwa mujibu wa vyanzo vyetu vilivyo karibu na watuhumiwa hao, rufaa hiyo itasikilizwa leo ambapo vigogo hao watawasilisha hoja za kupinga masharti ya dhamana kama yalivyotolewa na Hakimu Hezron Mwankenja wa Kisutu.

Mahakama hiyo iliwataka watuhumiwa hao kila mmoja kujidhamini kwa sh. bilioni 3.9 ambapo katika kesi ya msingi, washitakiwa hao wanadaiwa kutumia madaraka yao vibaya na kuisababishia serikali hasara ya sh. bilioni 11.7.

Bw. Mramba na Bw. Yona walifikisha mahakamani hapo juzi wakikabiliwa na mashitaka 13, ikiwemo matumizi mabaya ya ofisi, madaraka na kuisababishia serikali hasara ya Sh. bilioni 11.7.

Washitakiwa hao walisomewa mashitaka yao mbele ya Hakimu Mkazi Hezron Mwankenja anayesikiliza kesi hiyo.

Mwendesha Mashitaka wa Taasisi ya Kuzuia na Kupambana na Rushwa (Takukuru) Joseph Ole, aliwasomea mashitaka watuhumiwa hao mapema wiki hii alidai kuwa, kati ya Agosti mwaka 2002 na Juni 14 mwaka 2004 jijini Dar es Salaam, washitakiwa wakiwa watumishi wa umma kama mawaziri walitumia vibaya madaraka.

Ilidaiwa kuwa kwa kupitia kampuni ya Alex Stewart (ASSAYERS) ya Uingereza iliyoingia mkataba wa kukagua kampuni za madini nchini ambapo kwa kupitia kampuni tanzu ya Alex Stewart (ASSAYERS) Government Business Corporation waliingia mkataba na kampuni tanzu kuzalisha madini ya dhahabu kinyume na Sheria ya Manunuzi ya Umma.

Katika shitaka la pili, ilidaiwa kuwa Mramba na Yona wanadaiwa kuwa Mei 28, mwaka 2005 wakiwa watumishi wa umma jijini Dar es Salaam, wakiitumikia serikali katika nafasi za Uwaziri wa Fedha na Nishati na Madini, kwa pamoja walitumia vibaya madaraka yao kwa kusaini mikataba ya kuiongezea kampuni hiyo muda wa miaka miwili wa kuendelea kuzalisha madini kuanzia Juni 2005 hadi Juni 2007 kinyume cha Sheria ya Manunuzi ya Umma.

Ole aliendelea kudai kuwa, katika shitaka la tatu wote wawili wanadaiwa kuwa kati Machi na Mei mwaka 2005 wakiwa watumishi wa umma, walitumia vibaya madaraka yao kwa kumualika Dk. Enrique Segura wa M/S Alex Stewart ( ASSAYERS) Government Business Corporation kusaini mkataba wa nyongeza wa miaka miwili kabla timu ya majadiliano ya Serikali kulifanyia kazi suala hilo.

Katika shitaka la nne, kati ya Machi na Mei mwaka 2005, washitakiwa wanadaiwa kuwa walitumia nyadhifa zao vibaya kwa kukaidi kupeleka kwa Mwanasheria Mkuu wa Serikali suala la kodi kama ilivyopendekezwa na Timu ya Serikali ya Majadiliano, jambo ambalo lilisababisha mkataba uongezeke kwa miaka miwili bila kupitishwa na timu ya majadiliano.

Shitaka la tano, ilidaiwa kuwa mshitakiwa Mramba Oktoba 10, mwaka 2003 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alidharau mapendekezo ya Mamlaka ya Mapato Tanzania (TRA) ya kutotoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo.

Katika shitaka la sita, Mramba anadaiwa kati ya 18 na 19 Desemba mwaka 2003, akiwa Waziri wa fedha, alitoa kibali namba GN 423/2003 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kinyume na mapendekezo yaliyopendekezwa na TRA.

Katika shitaka la saba, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa Desemba 19, mwaka 2003 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha, alitumia madaraka vibaya kwa kutoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo.

Ole, aliongeza kuwa shitaka la nane, Oktoba 15, mwaka 2004 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitoa kibali namba GN 497/2004 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo kinyume na mapendekezo ya TRA.

Shitaka la tisa, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa kati 14 na 15 Oktoba 2004, akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitumia madaraka yake vibaya kwa kutoa kibali namba GN 498/2004 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo kinyume na mapendekezo ya TRA.

Katika shitaka la 10, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa Novemba 15, mwaka 2005 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitumia madaraka yake vibaya kwa kutoa kibali namba GN 377/2005 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kinyume na mapendekezo ya TRA.

Katika shitaka la 11, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa Novemba 15, 2005 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha alitumia madaraka yake vibaya kwa kutoa kibali namba GN 378/2005 kilichotoa msamaha wa kodi kwa kampuni hiyo kinyume na mapendekezo ya TRA.

Katika shitaka la 12, Mramba na Yona wanadaiwa kuwa kati ya Juni 2003 na Mei 2005 wakiwa na nyadhifa hizo za uwaziri kwa makusudi na kutowajibika waliruhusu mkataba wa kuzuia kulipa kodi ili kuipendelea kampuni hiyo na kuisababishia Serikali hasara ya Sh. 11, 752,350,148.00.

Katika shitaka la mwisho, Mramba anadaiwa kuwa kati ya 2003 na 2007 akiwa Waziri wa Fedha kwa makusudi alishindwa kuwa makini au kutotimiza wajibu wake alisaini vibali, kuruhusu kampuni hiyo kutokulipa kodi na kuisababishia serikali hasara ya sh. bilioni 11.7. (source: majira 28/11/2008. Mwandishi: Rabia Bakari)

Tuesday, 25 November 2008

Ajali za barabarani zaua Dom na Singida

Ajali zaua 25 papo hapo
*Zahusisha mabasi ya Zuberi, Sai Baba na Fuso
*Abiria 84 wajeruhiwa, 50 walazwa Dom, Singida
*Basi la Zuberi labiringika korongoni Sekenke

Hillary Shoo, Singida na Flora Amon, Dodoma
ZAIDI ya watu 25 wamekufa na wengine 84 kujeruhiwa ambapo 50 wamelazwa katika hospitali za Singida na Dodoma baada ya mabasi mawili kupata ajali tofauti katika mikoa hiyo.

Katika ajali ya Singida, watu zaidi ya 20 walipoteza maisha na 35 kulazwa katika hospitali ya Iramba, huku ajali ya Dodoma walikufa watu watano na 15 kulazwa katika hospitali ya Mkoa ya Dodoma.

Wakati ajali ya Singida ilitokea juzi saa 2.30 asubuhi katika Mlima Sekenke ilihusisha basi la Zuberi lililokuwa likitoka Dar es Salaam kwenda Mwanza, ya Dodoma ilihusisha basi la Sai Baba lililokuwa likitoka Dodoma kwqenda Dar es Sakaam na kugongana uso kwa uso na lori aina ya Fuso.

Basi la Zuberi ni aina ya Scania lenye namba T 677 AGJ wakati la Sai Baba ni namba T 700 ADK na lori la Fuso ni namba T 870 ASK.

Akizungumza na waandishi wa habari kwenye eneo la tukio jana, Kamanda wa Polisi wa Mkoa wa Singida, Bibi Celina Kaluba alisema chanzo cha ajali hiyo ni ubovu wa basi hilo na mwendo wa kasi.

Kamanda Kaluba alisema hadi jana idadi kamili ya watu waliofunikwa na basi hilo ilikuwa haijajulikana vizuri kutokana na ugumu wa kazi ya uopoaji ambapo basi hilo lilipinduka na kuporomoka kwenye korongo na kulala chali.

Hata hivyo, Kamanda Kaluba alisema hadi juzi saa 10 jioni idadi ya abiria waliokuwa wamekufa ilifikia 17 na kazi kubwa ilikuwa ni namna ya kuligeuza basi hilo ambalo limepinduka chali huku zana zinazotumika zikiwa duni, hali iliyofanya kazi ya uopoaji kuwa ngumu.

Akisimulia chanzo halisi cha ajali hiyo Kamanda Kaluba alisema imetokea kutokana na ubovu wa basi hilo na ubishi wa abiria wakimlazimisha dereva kuendelea na safari huku wakijua kuwa basi hilo lilikuwa likihitaji matengenezo.

Alisema baada ya mabishano makali dereva wa basi hilo, ambaye alinusurika katika ajali na kukimbia, aliamua kulipeleka gari hilo kituo cha Polisi kwa ajili ya ukaguzi.

"Baada ya ukaguzi tuliwaamuru walipeleke gereji iliyopo eneo la Namfua mjini hapa lakini baadae tukasikia kuwa abiria walimlazimisha dereva kuendelea na safari," alisema Kamanda Kaluba na kuongeza kuwa basi hilo lilikuwa na matatizo kwenye 'kompresa' na breki.

Alisema majina kamili ya waliokufa bado hayajajulikana lakini kazi inaendelea kwenye eneo hilo na majina kamili ya marehemu na majeruhi yalitarajiwa kupatikana jana baada ya kazi hiyo kumalizika.

Mmoja wa majeruhi aliyenusurika kwenye ajali hiyo, Bw. Ahmad Seleman mfanyabiashara wa Mwanza, alidai kuwa mara baada ya kufika kwenye mlima huo mkali, aliona basi likiwa katika mwendo mkali.

"Baadaye lilipanda kwenye kilima kikali kwa kasi na kujikuta likitumbukia kwenye korongo kubwa la mlima huu, kwa kusema kweli dereva pale hakuwa na ujanja, kwani mwendo ulikuwa mkali mno, we fikiria kupanda kwenye kile kilima si mchezo," alisema.

Akizungumza kwenye eneo la tukio, Mkuu wa Mkoa wa Singida, Bw. Parseko Kone, alisema alisikia kuwapo kwa ajali hiyo akiwa kwenye ziara ikabidi kuahirisha na kwenda eneo la tukio hilo saa 3 asubuhi jana.

Hata hivyo, Bw. Kone alisema tayari ameagiza tingatinga kutoka kampuni ya kichina ya CGC iliyoko Isuna kwenda Sekenke kusaidia kuligeuza basi hilo ili kuopoa miili zaidi iliyokandamizwa kwenye korongo hilo.

Bw. Kone alisema vifaa vinavyotumika ni duni, hivyo kazi ya kuopoa miili ni ngumu, lakini aliwapongeza vijana wa Shelui kwa kazi kubwa wanayoifanya ya kuhakikisha miili hiyo inaopolewa yote ili kupata idadi kamili.

"Kwa kweli hii ni ajali mbaya sana kutokea katika mkoa wangu, huwezi kuamini kama kuna watu wamepona kwenye ajali hii, inanisikitisha sana," alisema kwa masikitiko Mkuu huyo wa Mkoa, huku machozi yakimlengalenga.

Nako Dodoma, Flora Amon anaripoti, kwamba watu hao watano walikufa papo hapo na wengine 15 kujeruhiwa katika ajali hiyo iliyotokea Manchali.

Mganga Mkuu wa Hospitali ya Mkoa wa Dodoma, Dkt. Godfrey Mtey, aliwaambia waandishi wa habari hospitalini hapo jana kuwa walianza kupokea maiti na majeruhi jana saa 7.30 mchana.

Dkt. Mtey alisema kati ya watu watano waliokufa ni mmoja tu ndiye aliyetambuliwa kwa jina la Bw. Seleman Hassan, mkazi wa Tanga ambapo wengine wanne majina yao bado hayajafahamika.

Aliwataja walijeruhiwa kuwa ni Bw. Miraji Omar (17) mkazi wa Kiteto, Bw. Michael Kibisa mkazi wa Chinangali, Bibi Scholastica Zakaria, Bw. Jonas Jefunila wa Maili mbili, Dodoma, Bw. Zacharia Mgalo (30), mkazi wa Dar es Salaam, mtoto Erasto Peter miezi 9, wa Mpalanga na Bw. Baraka Mlumba wa Ihumwa.

Wengine ni Bw. Maneno Ngomai (29), Bw. Mahomanyika, Bibi Mariam Senyo (23) mkazi wa Chadulu, Dodoma, Bw. Shaaban Mustapha (14) wa Vingunguti Dar es Salaam, Bw. Yohana Seterina (26) wa Dar es Salaam, Bw. Shaaban Bakari (10) wa Kiteto na Bw. Haruna Saimon wa Majengo, Dodoma, Bibi Feli Nemsudi (28) wa Arusha na Bw. Alikadi Emmanuel (32) wa Singida.

Alisema jumla ya majeruhi 49 walifikishwa hospitalini hapo na kati yao 34 walitibiwa na kuruhusiwa na aliongeza kuwa waliolazwa wamevunjika mbavu, miguu na mikono.
(source: majira, 25/11/2008)

Health: Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a condition where the amount of glucose in the blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. Glucose comes from the digestion of carbohydrate containing food and drinks and is also produced by the liver. Carbohydrate comes from many different sources including starchy foods such as bread, potatoes and chapattis, fruit, dairy products, sugar and other sweet foods.

Insulin is vital for life. It is a hormone produced by the pancreas and helps the glucose to enter the cells where it is used as fuel for energy so we can work, play and generally live our lives.

Diabetes types
There are two main types of diabetes. These are:

Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Type 1
Type 1 diabetes develops if the body is unable to produce any insulin. This type of diabetes usually appears before the age of 40. Type 1 diabetes is the least common of the two main types and accounts for between 5 – 15% of all people with diabetes.

Type 2
Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or when the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance). In most cases this is linked with being overweight. This type of diabetes usually appears in people over the age of 40, though in South Asian and African-Caribbean people often appears after the age of 25. However, recently, more children are being diagnosed with the condition, some as young as seven. Type 2 diabetes is the most common of the two main types and accounts for between 85 - 95% of all people with diabetes.

There are currently over 2.5 million people with diabetes in the UK and there are more than half a million people with diabetes who have the condition and don’t know it. (source:

Saturday, 22 November 2008

Digital Versatile Discs players: The basics

DVD player Buyer's Guide
Buyers guides providing up-to-date information on the latest products and technologies. Each buyers guide contains comprehensive impartial advice for consumers. Read our guides to help your decision making and to ensure you choose the best product to meet your needs. Individual guides are thoroughly researched and written by an independent expert.

Since they first went on sale in 1997, DVD Players have largely replaced the video cassette recorder. The reason's simple. Even the cheapest DVD Players give better picture and sound quality and can process information more efficiently than a VCR. You will get a better home entertainment experience with a DVD Player.

A DVD looks like a CD but can hold both audio and video data. It does this in a compressed format (MPEG-2) that the DVD Player then decodes to turn into a video signal. The greater storage capacity of a DVD means that as well as the audio data you would get on a CD, you also get a full-length movie and extra data like subtitles, index information and special features on the one disc.

Choosing a DVD player Key features of DVD players Connections Related products
Choosing a DVD player
While DVD players may have been around for less than a decade, the rapid change in the market is similar to other electrical consumer goods. Features that existed on the most expensive models alone are now found almost across the range. Meanwhile, new technological improvements aimed at exploiting the capabilities of digital high-definition TVs are being introduced at the top end. To help you make the right choice of DVD player we have outlined what you can expect to find on basic, advanced and expert models.

Cheap DVDs
Choose a basic player if you just want to rent or buy pre-recorded DVDs and play them back using a player and an existing analogue TV set. With any basic player, you'll get excellent picture quality, CD-quality sound and the ability to select scenes, see special features, and enjoy any added features included on the disc. And there will be no fading of picture or sound quality that repeated playing of a videotape is likely to produce. If you are not going to use the player as part of your sound system than a single disc player is cheaper and will take up less room. Basic players will have a remote control and will connect easily to your TV. They will also be able to read multiple formats including, among others, CD audio and MP3 files.

Choose a mid-range player if you want to use your DVD Player with an LCD, Plasma or Widescreen TV and your current sound system to take full advantage of the better sound quality. Advanced players will have more features like multi-disc play and more sophisticated connections to your TV and sound system that mean that you can use them as replacements for sound systems. These players are more likely to be able to handle DVDs recorded in other formats, too, so will be useful for playing material recorded by friends and family, for example, as well as commercial offerings.

Finally, choose an expert level player if you want to use the player as part of a complete system. For an enhanced viewing and listening experience that includes audio as well as video or if you think that you will be upgrading your television to high-definition technology this option is also for you. These players can be used as part of a home cinema set-up and can include progressive scan technology and component video connections to give extremely sharp and flicker free pictures. This will mean more equipment than just a player and a TV, notably speakers, but on the plus side you will experience a DVD as shoulf be experienced.

Key features of DVD Players
Assuming that the content is on the disc, basic DVD Players offer language choice, special effects, parental lock, programmability, digital audio output, support for multi-angle movies and the playing of audio CDs. The feature set increases with more expensive players. Simply put, the more you spend on a player, the more formats you will be able to play and the picture and sound quality will be better.

Multi-region players: Film studios, keen to protect release dates, price differentials and the amount of information given in certain markets, originally imposed a constraint on DVD Players by restricting which countries DVDs play in. All pre-recorded DVDs have one of six regional codes and region-locked DVD Players can only play DVDs from the same region. So, for example, a Region 1 player (USA and Canada) can only play Region 1 films. Multi-regional players can play DVDs from any region allowing for the widest choice of DVDs.

Zone Region converter
Zone 1 USA, Canada
Zone 2 Europe, South Africa, Japan, Middle East (including Egypt)
Zone 3 South Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan
Zone 4 Australia, New Zealand, Latin America
Zone 5 Africa, India, Asia
Zone 6 China

DVD types: In addition to regional format variation, DVD formats can vary in other ways. Common formats are DVD-R, DVD+R, DVD-RW, DVD+RW and DVD Ram. Not all DVD players can handle all the formats - so it is worth checking before you buy which format it is that you will most likely use.

Multi-disc players: If you're going to use your DVD player and associated sound system to play your CDs think about a multi-disc player. Sometimes referred to as DVD Jukeboxes they can store multiple DVDs or CDs. 30 discs is a reasonably common limit.

DVD audio: Any DVD player will play CDs but some will play newer types of audio disc (DVD-Audio or SA-CD) which offer better sound quality than a standard CD. Only more expensive DVD players and hi-fi equipment are compatible with these discs.

Digital surround sound: Utilises the information on the DVD to provide sound quality almost equal to cinema sound. This is accomplished by converting the audio track into signals for each individual speaker - usually five speakers and one sub-woofer used for low frequency effect. Dolby Digital and DTS are two popular surround sound formats.

MP3 playback: Some DVD players, especially portable ones, can play MP3 digital music files and other audio files from inserted media.

VCD playback: A popular movie format in Asia, Video CDs or VCDs are cheaper and lower quality than DVDs. They are stored on standard CDs, which means they do not have room for extra features. Many DVD players also play VCD Playback movies.

Display photos: Certain DVD players can also display digital photographs on your TV. These must be stored on a compatible disc.

CD-R, CD-RW, DVD-R and DVD-RW discs: Some DVD Players can play audio and video content created on your computer. This can be played from recordable CDs or DVDs on CD-R, CD+RW, DVD-R and DVD-RW discs. Not all DVD Players can perform this function.

Bookmarking: Bookmarks allow you to store favourite scenes or places in a disc. More expensive players allow you to store bookmarks for several discs and remember them even if the disc is removed.

Resume: If you are going to view your discs repeatedly, the ability to resume where you left off can save a lot of searching. Multi-disc resume means that the player will remember where to start on up to 30 discs.

The connections between your DVD player and your TV and stereo can make a huge difference to the quality of the sound and picture. These are the connections to think about.

Component video: DVDs are encoded in component video (VHS and laser discs are composite video). If you have a TV with component video input (likely to be a new TV of the high-definition digital kind), buy a DVD Player with component video output. Then connect the player and the TV with a three-wire component video cable. Before buying a player with component video output make sure you understand the subtle difference between component progressive and component interlaced (and that your choice is compatible with your TV). The former will give the best results.

S-video connection: This is the next best thing to component video and is an option on DVD Players that do not have component output and TVs that do not have component input. You may need a separate cable for this but the picture difference should be worth it.

SCART leads: A common form of connection used in the UK is the SCART lead. This handles both audio and video signals. SCART connections are common on DVD players and newer TVs. Gold plated SCART leads give a better connection. A SCART connection will give you a better picture than S-Video and is close to component standard. SCART cables are not usually included with players. Expect to pay around £25.

Analog RCA connections: Available on almost all DVD Players this connection, while not producing results quite as good as others, will give you better pictures than your old VCR and, importantly, will connect DVD players to older televisions that don't have SCART connections.

Audio connectors: DVD players, especially the more expensive models, can have many audio outputs. Outputs can include phono, digital coaxial and digital optical. If you are connecting to a separate hi-fi system this can be a very important feature.

Progressive scan: The newest buzzword is progressive scan in the DVD Player market and while more expensive players include it, it can't actually be used unless you have a digital TV. With it your picture can be refreshed 60 times per second which makes for a sharper, almost flicker free picture and is better than anything delivered by the alternative interlaced scanning method.

DVD recorders can be used with a digital TV to record your favourite programs and films as well as to watch pre-recorded items. Great picture and sound quality, but the recording facility makes them more expensive than players and they can also be harder to use than VCRs. The variety of recordable formats available can also add to the confusion.

DVD Home Cinema Systems:
To get the best audio experience the DVD home cinema concept is becoming more widespread. It uses surround sound and additional noise enhancements to put you at the centre of the entertainment. The choice is between buying an off-the shelf package or putting together a combination yourself of DVD player, amplifier/decoder and speakers, specifically tailored to suit you. The amplifier is sometimes contained in the sub-woofer.

Portable DVD:
Perhaps the ultimate in mobile entertainment, a portable DVD can be heavy on battery use but is ideal for a long journey where you need to while away the hours.

DVD Drives:
Add a DVD drive to your desktop PC or your laptop and you could be looking at the latest movies without the need for a TV at all.

DVD/Video Combinations:
Combining two technologies means that while you can watch the latest films on DVD you can also record using the video element of the combo. And you will still be able to view all those old tapes! (source: kelkoo website, 22/11/2008)

Obama's "Thank You" message

Thank you!
You proved that change can happen. You built an unprecedented grassroots organization in all 50 states that brought a record number of people into the political process -- many for the first time, many for the first time in a long time.

Our success required unprecedented resources, and the Democratic National Committee played a major role on the ground efforts that generated record turnout up and down the ticket.

Please make a donation to the DNC to help fund the efforts it undertook in 2008.
When you donate $30 or more, you'll receive a limited edition shirt to show your support for change.

To comply with Federal law, we must use best efforts to obtain, maintain, and submit the name, mailing address, occupation and name of employer of individuals whose contributions exceed $200 per calendar year.

Legal Compliance
Check this box to confirm that the following statements are true and accurate:
I am a United States citizen or a permanent resident alien.
This contribution is not made from the general treasury funds of a corporation, labor organization or national bank.
This contribution is not made from the treasury of an entity or person who is a federal contractor.
This contribution is not made from the funds of a political action committee.
This contribution is not made from the funds of an individual registered as a federal lobbyist or a foreign agent, or an entity that is a federally registered lobbying firm or foreign agent.
The funds I am donating are not being provided to me by another person or entity for the purpose of making this contribution.
(source:, 22/11/2008)

Favourite Books: Landscape Architecture

Landscape Architecture: A Manual of Land Planning and Design
by John O. Simonds, Barry W. Starke
Price: £51.99

With more than 30 percent new material, the fourth edition of this classic is an indispensable resource for practicing landscape architecture professionals as well as students. The most comprehensive overview of landscape architecture available, this reference covers every aspect of planning, design, installation, implementation, and maintenance. Landscape architects, architects, and everyone else involved with the shaping of our living environment will find in this colorful book a systematic approach to the creation of more usable, efficient, and attractive outdoor places. Simply put - it is the best one-volume course ever written on landscape planning and landscape design.

Book details
Format: Hardback 396 pages
Date of publication: 02/05/2008
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional
ISBN: 9780071461207

Boris' the Man

Boris gives support
In October 2008, the London Assembly passed a motion backing the Mayor's support for an amnesty and calling on the Government to bring this about.
The following month, London's Conservative mayor, Boris Johnson, gave an interview to Channel 4 news endorsing the idea in terms almost identical to the Strangers into Citizens proposals.
He said the expulsion of London's 400,000 illegal immigrants was "just not going to happen". While he is powerless to change national policy on the issue, Johnson said he wanted to "lead the debate" by commissioning a study into the feasibility of the idea. He said he favoured the idea of an "earned amnesty", whereby after a period of about five years individuals could "show their commitment to this society and to this economy" to earn the right to stay. "We want to look in detail at what the economic impact of such an earned amnesty system would be," he said.
The Government dismissed the idea as "naive" and "irresponsible". (source: wikipedia)

I say: 'Unleash your potential!!!'


Hii ndio Roho mbaya, Uchu na Dhuluma!!

Unapopokonya mali ya mkeo usiyoitolea jasho

Mpenzi msomaji, wiki iliyopita niligusia barua pepe ya msomaji mwenzetu ambaye alilalamika kuhusu utapeli aliofanyiwa na mumewe kutaka kumpokonya nyumba yake aliyoijenga mwenyewe kabla ya ndoa yao.

Hata hivyo, nikampatia majibu ya mwanasheria kuhusu kilichomo ndani ya sheria ya ndoa ya mwaka 1971, kwamba mali iliyochumwa na mke au mume kabla ya ndoa bado itabaki kwa mmliki isipokuwa ile au zile mali zilizopatikana ndani ya ndoa yao ndizo wanazopaswa kugawana.

Kufuatia makala ile, yupo jamaa mmoja aliwasiliana nami na kunielezea mtafaruku ulioikumba familia ya ndugu yake, ukifanana na mkasa tuliozungumzia wiki iliyopita. Siyo kisa kizuri ni cha kusikitisha kwa kuwa kilipelekea kifo.

Hiyo ikanithibitishia kuwa kumbe wapo ving`ang`anizi wa mali za wenzao ambazo hawakuzitolea jasho kuzitengeneza.

Katika simulizi ya tukio hilo lililotokea miezi kadhaa iliyopita katika mkoa mmoja nchini, akasema familia hiyo katika mwaka wa kwanza wa ndoa yao, kulikuwa hakuna matatizo.

Lakini kuanzia mwaka jana, mke na mume wakawa na mzozo wa mara kwa mara ambao marafiki wa karibu na pia majirani walidai kuwa huenda ulitokana na kutopata mtoto.

Hata hivyo, kwa mujibu wa jamaa huyu anayetoa simulizi kutokana na ukaribu na familia hiyo, akasema kuwa ugomvi wa wanandoa hao ulitokana na mali alizokuwa nazo mke kabla ya kuoana ambazo mume alizitaka.

Mwanamke huyo alikuwa na kazi nzuri, msomi na mchakarikaji katika kujiinua kimaendeleo.

Mumewe alikuwa mtu wa kawaida tu aliyeoana na mwanamama huyo, huku akiwa ameshajenga nyumba ambayo ndimo walikuwa wakiishi.

Inasemekana kuwa jamaa yule alihamanika kumpenda bibie kutokana na kazi nzuri aliyokuwa nayo na pia magari yake mawili ya kifahari.

Mzozo hasa ulikokea pale mume huyu alipoanza kumlazimisha bibie ampe gari moja alimiliki, lakini akawa anamkatalia.

Shinikizo kubwa la mume likiwa kwamba maadam amemuoa kihalali, basi mali zote za mke ni mali yake pia.

Hilo mke akalikataa na kumwambia kuwa kama anataka gari mojawapo itabidi amkopeshe kwani hata yeye magari hayo hakuyapata kirahisi bali kupitia mikopo katika benki na bado alikuwa hajamaliza deni.

Inavyosemekana mume huyu baada ya kuona mama ametia ngumu na magari yake, akaenda kupata ushauri kwa marafiki zake.

Unajua tena marafiki wengine siyo wazuri. Wapo watakaokushauri kuchukua maamuzi ya busara na wengine maamuzi ya maangamizi.

Siyo kila mtu anafurahia maisha au maendeleo ya mwenzake kwani wengine ni wabomoaji wakubwa na nyumba za wenzao.

Wanakupa ushauri mbovu, kisha wanakaa pembeni kusubiri matokeo, kisha wanakulaumu eti ingekuwa ni yeye au wao wasingechukua uamuzi ule. Ebo! Si ni wewe uliyemshauri?

Ufisadi wa kiroho huu, au siyo msomaji wangu?
Naam. Usiku mmoja ukazuka mzozo mkubwa kati ya wanandoa hao.

Majirani ilibidi wasikilizie kwenye paa na nyufa za madirisha ambako sauti zilisikika.

Inadaiwa kwamba baada ya muda sauti ilififia lakini mama yule akasikika akimsihi mumewe asimpige sindano.

Kisha ukimya ukatanda.
Ila kesho yake asubuhi, kumbe mama yule alikuwa tayari amefariki.

Bwana akamchukua haraka haraka na kumpeleka katika hospitali moja ambako baadaye aliwasiliana na jamaa zake, jamaa na marafiki kuwajulisha kuwa mwenzake(mkewe) amefariki dunia.

Jamaa zake hawakuamini ikabidi wakimbilie hospitali kujua kilichomuua. Wakataka mwili wa marehemu ufanyiwe uchunguzi lakini mume akazuia usiguswe na kwamba kinachotakiwa ni kuandaa mazishi, basi.

Hata wauguzi waliposhinikizwa na ndugu za marehemu uchunguzi ufanyike kujua chanzo cha kifo walikataa kufanya hivyo.

Ikahisiwa kuwa huenda ni njama za bwana yule kutaka kuficha ukweli wa kilichosababisha kifo kile.

Katika kikao cha maandalizi ya mazishi ulifumuka mvutano mkali, huku upande mmoja ukitaka uchunguzi ufanyike na mwingine ukitaka mazishi yafanywe bila kuchelewa.

Hatimaye, marehemu alizikwa lakini akiacha maswali lukuki. Kisa ung`ang`anizi wa mali usizozitolea jasho. Ama kweli Maisha Ndivyo Yalivyo.

Mpenzi msomaji, hivi unapobaki na mali ambayo unajua fika kuwa siyo yako na mwenyewe aliyeitafuta kwa jasho ametangulia mbele za haki huku akiipigania mali hiyo bila mafanikio, utakuwa na raha gani?

Wiki ijayo nitakupa mfano mwingine pia wa kusikitisha ambapo mama alikufa kwa ugonjwa wa moyo baada ya kubaini kuwa gari lake, mume huligawa kwa hawara atambe nalo mjini kila anapokuwa safarini. Usikose, fuatilia kisa hicho uone walimwengu walivyo wabaya na vya wenzao.

Niishie hapa msomaji wangu kama una maoni nikandamizie kupitia barua pepe
(source: Nipashe, 2008-11-16 13:22:35. Na Anti Flora Wingia)

Tuesday, 18 November 2008

'Functionalist' defined

Functionalism focuses on the structure and workings of society. Functionalists see society as made up of inter-dependent sections which work together to fulfill the functions necessary for the survival of society as a whole. People are socialized into roles and behaviors which fulfill the needs of society.
Functionalists believe that behavior in society is structural. They believe that rules and regulations help organize relationships between members of society. Values provide general guidelines for behavior in terms of roles and norms. These institutions of society such as the family, the economy, the educational and political systems, are major aspects of the social structure. Institutions are made up of interconnected roles or inter-related norms. For example, inter-connected roles in the institution of the family are of wife, mother, husband, father, son and daughter.

Functionalism, in architecture, is the principle that architects should design a building based on the purpose of that building.

The place of functionalism in building can be traced back to the Vitruvian triad, where 'utilitas' (variously translated as 'commodity', 'convenience', or 'utility') stands alongside 'venustas' (beauty) and 'firmitas' (firmness) as one of three classic goals of architecture.
Functionalist views were typical of some gothic revival architects, in particular Augustus Welby Pugin wrote that «there should be no features about a building which are not necessary for convenience, construction, or propriety» and «all ornament should consist of enrichment of the essential construction of the building».

Chicago architect Louis Sullivan popularized the phrase 'form ever follows function' to capture his belief that a building's size, massing, spatial grammar and other characteristics should be driven solely by the function of the building. The implication is that if the functional aspects are satisfied, architectural beauty would naturally and necessarily follow.
'Form follows function' expresses a significant and enduring idea. Sullivan's protege Frank Lloyd Wright is also cited as an exemplar of functional design.

The roots of modern architecture lie in the work of the Franco-Swiss architect Le Corbusier and the German architect Mies van der Rohe. Both were functionalists at least to the extent that their buildings were radical simplifications of previous styles. Le Corbusier famously said "a house is a machine for living in"; his 1923 book Vers une architecture was, and still is, very influential, and his early built work such as the Villa Savoye in Poissy, France is thought of as prototypically functional.(from wikipedia)

Mgomo wa walimu

Mahamama Kuu ya Kazi yawaliza tena walimu

Mahakama Kuu divisheni ya Kazi jijini Dar es Salaam imezuia mgomo wa walimu ambao ulianza jana kwa kishindo ukiwa umeguza mikoa mingi nchini.

Uamuzi wa kuuzuia mgomo huo ulitolewa jana saa 3.49 usiku na Jaji Mfawidhi wa Mahakama hiyo, Ernest Mwaipopo, baada ya kusikiliza hoja zilizokuwa zimewasilishwa na serikali na Chama cha Walimu (CWT).

Siku nzima ya jana, kesi hiyo iliyofunguliwa na serikali Ijumaa iliyopita kupinga mgomo wa walimu uliotangazwa rasmi na Rais wa CWT, Gratian Mukoba, iliendelea kwa pande zote mbili kuvutana hali iliyoifanya endelee hadi usiku.

Akitoa uamuzi wa kesi hiyo, Jaji Mwaipopo alisema mahakama imeridhika na hoja za upande wa serikali kwamba utakuwa na athari kubwa kwa watoto wa masikini ambao hawana hatia.

Alisema mgomo huo hauzihusu shule binafsi kwani umeelezwa kwa shule za umma ambazo wanasoma watoto wengi wa watu wa kipato cha chini.

Alisema madhara yatakayosababishwa na mgomo huo kwa wanafunzi hao hayawezi kufidiwa, lakini walimu wanaweza kufidiwa kwa kulipwa fedha zao wanazoidai serikali.

Alizitaka pande zote mbili leo saa saba usiku wawe wame wamewatangazia walimu kusitishwa kwa mgomo huo na atakayekaidi amri hiyo atachukuliwa hatua za kisheria.

Mara baada ya uamuzi huo kusomwa, Naibu Katibu Mkuu wa CWT, Ezekiah Oluochi, alisema kwamba wanawasiliana na wakili wao ili kukata rufaa kwa kuwa wanaona kama walimu nchini hawana haki.

Mgomo waanza
Awali, mgomo usiokuwa na kikomo ulioitishwa na Chama cha Walimu Tanzania (CWT), jana ulianza kwa kishindo na kulitikisa taifa, baada ya walimu wa shule za msingi na sekondari nchini kote, kugoma kuingia madarasani wakiishinikiza serikali iwalipe madai yao.

Wakati mgomo huo wa pekee na wa aina yake ukianza jana, wanafunzi wa baadhi ya shule za msingi jijini Dar es Salaam, waliandamana hadi ofisi ya Mkuu wa Mkoa huo, kushinikiza serikali iwalipe walimu madai yao ili wapate huduma kutoka kwa walimu wao.

Mgomo huo ulianza jana licha ya serikali kupitia Katibu Mkuu Kiongozi, Philemon Luhanjo, kutoa vitisho mbalimbali, ikiwamo kufungua kesi katika Mahakama Kuu, Divisheni ya Kazi, kujaribu kuzuia mgomo huo kwa mara ya pili.

Hata hivyo, habari kutoka kwa waandishi wetu walioko katika mikoa mbalimbali nchini, zinaarifu kuwa pamoja na vitisho hivyo vya serikali, walimu katika shule za msingi na sekondari, jana walianza mgomo huo kwa kishindo na kulitikisa taifa.

Jijijni Dar es Salaam, mgomo huo ulifanyika baada ya walimu wa shule zilizoko katika wilaya ya Temeke, kushuhudiwa wakiwa wamekaa katika vikundi chini ya miti wakipiga soga, huku baadhi ya wanafunzi wakicheza mpira, wengine kukimbizana na kurushiana mabegi na wengine wakitumia muda mwingi kula `Ice cream` na maandazi.

Shule za msingi zilizoshuhudiwa walimu wakigoma kuingia madarasani, ni pamoja na Muungano, Bongoyo, Oysterbay, Msimbazi Mseto, Msimbazi, Mugabe, Boma na Mkoani wakati za sekondari, ni Salma Kikwete, Turiani, Manzese, Yusufu Makamba na Mugabe.

Wakizungumza na Nipashe, baadhi ya walimu wa shule hizo walisema hawataingia madarasani mpaka serikali imalize kuimba wimbo wake walioutunga waliouita `Kuhakiki`.

``Mimi siwezi kamwe kuingia tena darasani mpaka nipewe changu.

Nadai laki tisa...badala ya serikali kutulipa, imebuni wimbo wao mtamu unaosema inahakiki majina.

Kuhakiki gani kusikoisha... huu ni uzushi mtupu,`` alisema mmoja walimu.

Mwalimu mwingine alisema anaona kilichobaki sasa ni kwenda kushiriki katika kampeni ya Operesheni Sangara inayofanywa na Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (Chadema) yenye lengo la kuleta fikra za mabadiliko.

Alisema hata kama serikali itawalipa malipo yao, itamchukua muda kurudisha hisia na upendo wa kazi yake ya ualimu kama mwanzo.

``Tunachofanya sisi, tunashika mapembe wengine wanakamua... inawezekana vipi sisi walimu kupewa haki yetu inachukua muda mrefu na usumbufu mkubwa, lakini mapesa mengine yapo huko Hazina wajanja wachache wanayachota kiulani,`` alisema mwalimu mwingine kwa jaziba.

Wengine wagoma kiujanja
Uchunguzi pia umebaini kuwa katika shule nyingi, baadhi ya walimu wakuu walikuwa wakidai kuwa hakukuwa na migomo na kwamba, kila kitu kinakwenda sawa, lakini walipoulizwa wanafunzi na walimu wa kawaida, walikiri kuwapo kwa mgomo.

Kwa mfano, Nelson Patrick, ambaye ni Mwalimu Mkuu wa Shule ya Msingi ya Bongoyo, alisema hakuna mgomo shuleni kwake na walimu wote walifika na kuingia madarasani kama kawaida ila wanachosubiri, ni utekelezaji wa ahadi ya serikali kuwalipa.

Lakini mwandishi alipozungumza na baadhi ya wanafunzi wa shule hiyo, walisema tangu asubuhi, ambapo walitakiwa kuwa wameshasoma Hisabati, Kiingereza na Kiswahili, hakuna somo lililofundishwa.

Hadi mwandishi anafika shuleni hapo saa 5:00 asubuhi, hakukuwa hata mwalimu mmoja aliyekuwa ameingia kufundisha somo lolote kati ya masomo hayo.

Wanafunzi, Judy Maghembe, Kura Kasembe na Miriami Nyarali, walikiri kutofundishwa somo hata moja tangu asubuhi licha ya kuwapo na walimu wao shuleni hapo wakipiga soga na kuongea na simu zilizoaminika ni za muda wa bure kutokana na kutumia muda mrefu kuzungumza.

Wanafunzi Dar waandamana
Katika hatua nyingine, wanafunzi wa shule za msingi Tabata, Mtambani na Jaica, jana waliandamana hadi ofisi ya Mkuu wa Mkoa wa Dar es Salaam, kushinikiza serikali ilipe madai ya walimu wao.

Wanafunzi hao mbali na kutaka walimu walipwe madai yao, pia walikuwa wakilalamikia kitendo cha kutofundishwa sambamba na baadhi ya walimu kutowafundisha kwa visingizio mbalimbali.

Katika madai yao, wanafunzi hao walisema baadhi ya walimu wao wamekuwa wakiwachangisha fedha za ulinzi na kulipia mitihani, jambo ambalo walidai utekelezaji wa hayo yote umekuwa hafifu.

Mkuu wa Mkoa wa Dar es Salaam, Abbas Kandoro, aliwapokea wanafunzi hao na kuwataka warudi shuleni kwao akiahidi kuwa tatizo lao litafanyiwa kazi haraka iwezekanvyo.

Aliongeza kuwa tayari serikali imeshatenga zaidi ya Shilingi biloni moja kwa ajili ya madai ya walimu wa Dar es Salaam.

``Serikali imeshatoa fedha na zimeshapelekwa mikoani na moja ya mikoa hiyo ni huu hivyo kuanzia sasa wala msijali walimu wenu watalipwa,`` alisema Kandoro.

Rukwa waitikia wito kugoma
Naye Juddy Ngonyani anaripoti kutoka Sumbawanga kuwa takribani asilimia 70 ya walimu wa shule za msingi na Sekondari mkoani Rukwa wameunga mkono mgomo ulioitishwa na CWT kwa lengo la kuishinikia serikali kuwalipa madai yao.

Gazeti hili limetembelea baadhi ya shule katika Manispaa ya Sumbawanga na kujionea wanafunzi hao wakiwa nje ya madarasa yao tangu asubuhi kwa madai kuwa walimu wao hajafika shuleni na waliopo hawajaingia madarasani.

Shule zilizotembelewa ni pamoja na shule za msingi za Mwenge A na B, Chanji, Kizwite, Chemechem, Majengo na Jangwani na Sekondari ya Kanda, Mazwi, na shule ya Kutwa Sumbawanga.

Katika shule ya Sekondari ya Kanda, gazeti hili limefika na kukuta hakuna mwalimu yeyote aliyefika shuleni hapo huku wanafunzi wakiwa nje wamekaa hawana la kufanya.

Katika shule ya msingi ya Jangwani Mwalimi, Mkuu wa shule hiyo, Moris Kibona, alisema kuwa walimu wameripoti kazini kama kawaida asubuhi ingawa walimu hao hawakuingia madarasani isipokuwa wale wanafundisha darasa la kwanza.

Akizungumza na Nipashe shuleni hapo, Mwalimu Mary Kameme, alisema kuwa hawajafurahishwa na kitendo cha kugoma kwa kuwa kinawaathiri wanafunzi, lakini akasisitiza kuwa ni lazima serikali itambue kuwa kama walimu wamefikia hatua ya kugoma basi inamaanisha wamechoshwa na hali iliyopo.

Wanafunzi waathirika
Kwa upande wao wanafunzi Herriet Matala na Raymond Ng`anga wa shule hiyo ya msingi Jangwani wamekiri kuathirika kimasomo na mgomo huo ambapo wenzao wengine ilikuwa wafanye mitihani ya darasa la nne, lakini hawajafanya kutokana na mgomo.

Hata hivyo, wanafunzi hao hawakusita kuiomba serikali kuwaangalia walimu wao kimaslahi kwani bila walimu wanafunzi hawatasoma na hivyo taifa zima litaendelea kuathirika na migomo hiyo ya walimu.

Kwa upande wake Mwalimu Mkuu wa Shule ya Msingi Mwennge \'A Gilbert Mwangosi, alisema kuwa ``Nimefika shuleni hapa kwa kuchelewa kwani leo nimekuja kwa mguu kwani sikuona sababu ya kuchoma mafuta yangu ya pikipiki na kuwahi shule wakati leo walimu tunaanza mgomo nchi nzima.

Alisema kuwa lengo la kufika shuleni hapa ni kuangalia usalama wa wanafunzi kwani wengi wao ni wadogo hivyo wanaweza kupigana au kutupa tatizo lolote pasipokuwa na mtu mkubwa wa kuwaangalia.

Dodoma nako wasoma
Naye Mary Edward kutoka Dodoma anaripoti kuwa baadhi ya walimu katika shule mbalimbali za msingi na mkoani Dodoma wamegoma kuingia madarasani wakishinikiza serikali kuwalipa madai yao.

Nipashe ilitembelea baadhi ya shule za Manispaa ya Dodoma na kukuta walimu katika shule hizo wakiwa wamekaa maofisini, huku wanafunzi wakiwa nje ya madarasa wakicheza.

Mmoja wa walimu katika shule ya msingi ya Makole iliyopo Manispaa ya Dodoma ambaye hakutaka jina lake lijatwe gazetini, alisema wametii amri ya Rais wao ya kuanza mgomo huo.

Alisema pamoja na serikali kutangaza kuwa wameanza kuwalipa walimu, lakini hawawezi kuamini moja kwa moja kauli hiyo kwa kuwa mara nyingi wamekuwa wakidangwanywa.

``Hii si mara ya kwanza wa serikali kutufanya sisi kama watoto,..kila wanaposikia kuwa tunaanza mgomo wanatuambia kuwa madai yetu yanashughulikiwa, lakini tunaporejea madarasani, mambo huwa ni yale yale, hakuna kinachoendelea, sasa na sisi tumefika wakati tumechoka,`` alilalamika mwalimu huyo.

Katika Shule ya Msingi ya Amani walimu walikutwa wamekaa nje ya ofisi zao, huku wanafunzi wakiwa madarasani bila ya kufundishwa.

Walipoulizwa kwa nini hawajaingia madarasani, mmoja wa walimu ambaye alikataa kutaja jina lake alisema ``Unajifanya kutuuliza kwani we hujui kuwa leo walimu wanaanza mgomo wao, mwenye macho haambiwi tazama,`` alijibu mwalimu huyo kwa hasira.

Mgomo huo pia umejitokeza kwenye shule ya Msingi ya Mlimwa B, Chamwino A na B, Ipagala, Hazina na shule ya msingi ya Kiwanja cha Ndege.

Katibu wa Chama cha Walimu Mkoa wa Dodoma, Flatel Kwahison, alipoulizwa kuhusu mgomo huo alisema, taarifa aliyokuwa nayo ni kwamba zipo baadhi ya shule zilizogoma na zingine zinaendelea na kazi kama kawaida.

Hata hivyo, alisema hakuwa na idadi na majina ya shule hizo huku akimtaka mwandishi wa habari hizi asubiri hadi atakapowasiliana na wakuu wa shule hizo na kumpa majibu baadaye.

Wakati walimu hao wakianza mgomo habari kutoka Wilaya ya Mpwapwa zinaeleza kuwa walimu wilayani humo wamesita kuanza mgomo kwa kuhofia Waziri Mkuu ambaye ameanza ziara yake jana ya kukagua shughuli za maendeleo.

Mmoja wa Maafisa wilaya humo ambaye hakutaka jina lake litajwe aliongea kwa njia ya simu na Nipashe kuwa ziara hiyo imeleta hofu kwa walimu pamoja na baadhi ya watendaji ambao walitoa matangazo kwa shule zote wakiwataka walimu kutogoma hadi ziara hiyo itakapomalizika.

Afisa Elimu Wilaya ya Mpwapwa hakuweza kupatikana kwenye simu kuzungumzia mgomo.

Mbeya watupiana lawama
Naye Thobias Mwanakatwe anaripoti kuwa Mbeya mgomo wa walimu uliotangazwa na CWT umewachanganya walimu mkoani hapa ambapo baadhi wamekitupia lawama chama hicho kwa kushindwa kuweka utaratibu mzuri wa jinsi ya kuendesha mgomo huo.

Wakizungumza kwa nyakati tofauti na Nipashe ilipotembelea shule kadhaa zilizopo Jijini Mbeya, walimu hao walisema CWT imewachanganya kutokana na kushindwa kuweka utaratibu mzuri wa kugoma hali ambayo imesababisha washindwe namna ya kugoma.

Mwalimu Mkuu wa shule ya msingi Sisimba, Ephata Mbise, alisema CWT kimewaacha walimu njia panda kwa sababu hakijaweza kufanya mawasiliano mazuri na walimu ya namna ya kuendesha mgomo huo.

``Hatuna barua wala mawasiliano yoyote kutoka ofisi ya CWT namna ya kugoma, kitu ambacho tunaona tumeachwa njia panda,`` alisema.

Mbise alisema hayo wakati akiongea na Nipashe ofisini kwake na kubainisha kuwa kutokana na hali hiyo hakuna mgomo.

Hata hivyo, wakati Mwalimu Mkuu huyo wa shule akisema hakuna mgomo, walimu wa shule hiyo ambao walikutwa na Nipashe wakiwa ofisini, walisema mgomo upo pale pale hawataingia madarasani hadi serikali itakapowalipa madai yao.

Walimu hao ambao walikataa kutaja majina yao, walisema wamelazimika kwenda shule kwa sababu tu ya mitihani ya mwisho wanayoiandaa, lakini hata hivyo, baada ya mitihani hiyo kumalizika wataendelea na mgomo kama kawaida.

Kwa upande wake, Mwalimu Mkuu wa Shule ya Msingi Azimio, Gedson Swetala, alisema mgomo haueleweki upo kama haupo kwa sababu hakujawekwa utaratibu mzuri wa namna ya kushiriki.

Hata hivyo, uchunguzi huru uliofanywa na Nipashe katika shule kadhaa za Jiji la Mbeya, umebaini kuwa walimu pamoja na kwenda kazini kama kawaida, bado hawakuingia madarasani ingawa walipoulizwa walitoa maelezo kuwa ni kwa sababu wanajiandaa na mitihani.

Katika baadhi ya shule za jijini hapa, wanafunzi wengi wameonekana wakicheza katika maeneo ya shule huku walimu wakiwa katika ofisi zao hali inayoonesha kuwa wamegoma kiujanja.

Afisa Elimu Mkoa wa Mbeya, Juma Kaponda, akizungumza na Nipashe kwa simu akiwa Tukuyu, alisema amewatuma watu wa kufuatilia kila shule kama kuna walimu waliogoma.

``Nimewatuma watu wajaribu kupita kila shule kuangalia kama wamegoma, mimi nipo Tukuyu kwa kazi maalum, baadaye nikipewa taarifa nitakujulisha,`` alisema Kaponda wakati akizungumza na mwandishi wa habari hizi.

Naye Mwenyekiti wa CWT, wilaya ya Mbarali, Jailos Temba, akizungumza na Nipashe kwa simu alisema walimu katika wilaya hiyo wamegoma kama kawaida hadi hapo serikali itakapowalipa madai yao wanayodai.

Temba alipoulizwa kuhusu malalamiko ya walimu kwamba CWT imeshindwa kuweka utaratibu mzuri wa kugoma, alisema hilo siyo kweli kwani chama hicho kimetoa taarifa kupitia vyombo vya habri ambapo kila mwalimu alifahamu kuwa mgomo utaanza Jumatatu.

Mkurugenzi Mbeya: Fedha zimeletwa
Kwa upende wake, Mkurugenzi wa Jiji la Mbeya, Elizabert Munuo, alisema fedha kwa ajili ya kuwalipa walimu hao zimekwisha kuletwa na kwamba taratibu za kuwalipa zinaandaliwa na Halmashauri.

Mkuu wa Mkoa wa Mbeya, John Mwakipesile, amewaagiza Wakurugenzi wa Halmashauri na Wakuu wa wilaya kuhakikisha fedha za walimu zilizopelekwa katika halmashauri hizo zinalipa haraka.

Ufisadi mkubwa madai walimu
Naye Richard Makore anaripoti kuwa serikali imebaini ufisadi mkubwa katika zoezi la kuhakiki madai ya walimu na kusema kuwa kama hali hiyo isingeushtukia mapema pangeweza kutokea EPA nyingine siku za usoni.

Kwa mujibu wa habari za uhakika kutoka Wizara ya Elimu na Mafunzo ya Ufundi, kwa wastani kila siku madai wanayohakiki wanabaini zaidi ya Sh. milioni 80 ambazo zingelipwa hewa.

``Hapa kama tungeingia kichwa kichwa halafu baadaye akaja mkaguzi wa mahesabu ya ndani wizara ingeonekana imetafuna fedha kama zile za EPA na sisi viongozi tuliopo ndiyo tungejibu,`` alisema mmoja wa maofisa wa serikali ambaye hakutaka kuandikwa jina lake.

Kadhalika, ofisa huyo alisema, kuanzia wiki iliyopita serikali ilianza kuwalipa walimu wa sekondari na wale wa shule za msingi ambao wapo chini ya Katibu Mkuu.

Akizungumza na Nipashe ofisa huyo alisema, uhakiki wa mwishoni mwa wiki ulionyesha kuwa majina 100 ya walimu wanaoidai serikali yalikataliwa baada ya kuonekana ni hewa. (SOURCE: Nipashe, 2008-11-18 15:06:48
Na Hellen Mwango na Joseph Mwendapole)

Don't worry the dog ...!

'don't worry the dog, fear the owner'
-seen at sandhurst

'don't worry the dog, mind the children'
-seen at lower earley, reading

Saturday, 15 November 2008

Happy Birthday GWR

Bro George,
On your special day, we would like to say
.........'HAPPY BIRTHDAY'................... you.........................
May God bless and add you many more years!
We love you.
Tezzi, Baba&Mama Tezzi

Half-century for Sir Alex Ferguson

One of the greatest careers in British football history began with a bite 50 years ago today (15 November).

Sir Alex Ferguson made his playing debut for Queens Park FC, Scotland's oldest club but still an amateur team when he made his breakthrough in a game away to Stranraer.

"Queens Park were always competitive, even if they were an amateur team," Sir Alex recalled in his regular Friday press conference.

"They had doctors, teachers and other people with professions in the team but were they namby-pamby players? No, they were tough as nails! Every one of them was very, very competitive, as was the man in charge of us, Jackie Gardiner.

"I didn't do too well in the first half on my debut. Gardiner said to me at half-time, “What the hell's wrong with you?” I told him an opponent had bitten me. He said, “Well bite him back!”

"That was an indication of how we had to be at Queens Park - you didn’t sidestep players, you went through them. But it was a great upbringing - one or two of the older players looked after me when I was a young boy, like making sure I got the bus home at night."

Despite his early potential - Sir Alex scored in his next match - he almost left the game and his native Scotland when a chance to earn good money in his other trade presented itself.

"In those early years you’re never quite sure which direction you’re going to go in. When I was 21, I almost emigrated to Canada, where I had family. I was a qualified tool-maker and that was a well-paid trade in Canada at the time. But things changed and that’s fate." (source:

Friday, 14 November 2008

Overnight rate

The overnight rate is generally the rate that large banks use to borrow and lend from one another on the interbank market. In some countries (for example, Canada), the overnight rate may be the rate targeted by the central bank to influence monetary policy. In most countries, the central bank is also a participant on the overnight lending market, and will lend or borrow money to some group of banks.

There may be a published overnight rate that represents an average of the rates at which banks lend to each other; certain types of overnight operations may be limited to qualified banks. The precise name of the overnight rate will vary from country to country.

Throughout the course of a day, banks will transfer money to each other, to foreign banks, to large clients, and other counterparties on behalf of clients or on its own account. At the end of each working day, a bank may have a surplus or shortage of funds. Banks that have surplus funds may lend them to or deposit them with other banks, who borrow from them. The overnight rate is the amount paid to the bank lending the funds.

Banks will also choose to borrow or lend for longer periods of time, depending on their projected needs and opportunities to use money elsewhere.

The overnight rates are fixed every month and at different point of time each month by different countries.

Measure of liquidity
Overnight rates are a measure of the liquidity prevailing in the economy. In tight liquidity conditions, overnight rates shoot up. Overnight rates may also shoot up due to lack of confidence amongst banks, as was observed in the liquidity crunch of 2008.

In order to measure liquidity situation, the spread between risk-free rates and overnight rates is considered. The TED spread is a liquidity indicator for US, which is the difference between LIBOR and Treasury bills. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Happy birthday Prince of Wales

Prince Charles is 60 today! Happy birthday your Royal Highness!

Ben R. Mtobwa afariki!!

Poleni sana wafiwa.
Mimi ni mmoja wa wasomaji wa vitabu vya Ben.

Salaam za Mhe Rais wa Jamhuri ya Muungano:


Telephone: 255-22-2114512, 2116898

E-mail :

Fax: 255-22-2113425

P.O. BOX 9120,

Ben Mtobwa alikuwa mwanataaluma mzalendo

RAIS Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete ametuma salamu za rambirambi kwa familia ya mwandishi wa habari na vitabu maarufu nchini, Ben Mtobwa, aliyefariki dunia Jumapili iliyopita, Novemba 9 2008, mjini Dar Es Salaam.
Rais amemwelezea marehemu kama mwanataaluma mzalendo ambaye aliitumia kalamu yake kwa busara na kwa ajili ya kuleta maelewano ndani ya jamii ya Tanzania.
Katika salamu hizo, Rais Kikwete ameieleza familia hiyo: “Naungana nanyi wote katika wakati huu mgumu na wa majonzi makubwa mliyonayo kwa msiba huo mkubwa uliowapata. Tunaelewa machungu mliyonayo”
Amesisitiza Rais Kikwete katika salamu hizo za rambirambi: “Nimemjua marehemu Mtobwa kwa miaka mingi katika ujenzi wa taifa letu, hususan katika masuala yaliyohusu utaalamu wake wa masuala ya habari na uandishi.”
“Marehemu Mtobwa alikuwa wanataaluma mzalendo, aliyetumia kalamu yake kwa busara na kwa nia ya kuleta maelewano ndani ya jamii yetu. Alijali maadili ya taaluma yake na kutimiza vyema wajibu wake katika jamii kwa mujibu wa maadili hayo.”
Amemalizia Rais Kikwete: “Naungana nanyi wote katika kuomboleza msiba huu mkubwa. Kwa pamoja tumshukuru Mungu kwa kumwezesha Ndugu Mtobwa kutoa mchango wake kwa taifa letu.”
Marehemu Mtobwa anatarajiwa kuzikwa leo kwenye shamba lake Bunju A mjini Dar Es Salaam.


Imetolewa na Kurugenzi ya Mawasiliano

Dar es Salaam.
12 Novemba, 2008
(source: the united republic of tanzania official website)

Thursday, 13 November 2008

Happy Birthday Whoopi Goldberg (53)

Whoopi Goldberg (born Caryn Elaine Johnson; November 13, 1955) is an American actress, comedienne, and television host.

She is one of only thirteen people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony Award, including Daytime Emmy Awards. In 1990, she became the second African American female performer after Hattie McDaniel to win an Academy Award for acting. She has won two Golden Globe Awards and two Saturn Awards for her performances in Star Trek Generations and Ghost.

Early life
Goldberg was born Caryn Elaine Johnson in New York City and raised in Manhattan's Chelsea neighborhood, the daughter of Emma (née Harris), a nurse and teacher, and Robert James Johnson, a clergyman. Goldberg's mother was a "stern, strong and wise woman" who raised her as a single mother after Goldberg's father had left the family. Her stage name was taken from whoopee cushion, which she initially used as her stage name; she stated that "If you get a little gassy, you've got to let it go. So people used to say to me, 'You're like a whoopee cushion.' And that's where the name came from." She chose the surname "Goldberg" after Jewish ancestors of hers who bore the surname, having said that "Goldberg's a part of my family somewhere." In 1991, she referred to herself as a "Jewish-Catholic girl from New York"; she has also stated that her mother is Jewish and referred to herself as a "Jewish-American Princess". A DNA test, broadcast in the 2006 PBS documentary African American Lives, traced most of her ancestry to the Papel and Bayote people of modern-day Guinea-Bissau. Her racial admixture test revealed her genetic makeup to be 92 percent sub-Saharan African and 8 percent European.

In an anecdote told by Nichelle Nichols in the documentary film Trekkies, a young Goldberg was watching Star Trek, and upon seeing Nichols' character Uhura, exclaimed, "Momma! There's a black lady on TV and she ain't no maid!" This spawned life-long fandom of Star Trek for Goldberg, who would eventually achieve a recurring guest-starring role in 1987's Star Trek: The Next Generation.

Goldberg's on-screen talent first emerged in 1981-82 in Citizen: I'm Not Losing My Mind, I'm Giving It Away, an avant-garde ensemble feature by San Francisco filmmaker William Farley. Goldberg created The Spook Show, a one-woman show devised of different character monologues, in 1983. Director Mike Nichols was instantly impressed and offered to bring the show to Broadway. The self-titled show ran from October 24, 1984 to March 10, 1985 for a total of 156 sold-out performances. While on Broadway, Goldberg's performance caught the eye of director Steven Spielberg. He was about to direct the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, The Color Purple, written by Alice Walker. Having read the novel, she was ecstatic at being offered a lead role in her first motion picture. Goldberg received compliments on her acting from Spielberg, Walker, and music consultant Quincy Jones. The Color Purple was released in the late autumn of 1985, and was a critical and commercial success. It was later nominated for 11 Academy Awards including a nomination for Goldberg as Best Actress. The movie did not win any of its Academy Award nominations, but Goldberg won the Golden Globe Award.

Personal life
At age 18, during her marriage to 26-year-old Alvin Martin, Goldberg gave birth to their first and only child Alexandrea c.1973. After Goldberg's divorce from Martin, she moved to California and helped found the San Diego Repertory Company, where she used the stage name Whoopi Cushion. Before succeeding as an actress, she worked as a bank teller, a bricklayer, and a mortuary cosmetologist. Goldberg later went on to marry David Claessen, but they divorced after two years, in 1988. Whoopi later married Lyle Trachtenberg, but their marriage lasted only one year. In 2000, Whoopi broke up with her boyfriend of five years, Frank Langella.

Goldberg has three grandchildren through her daughter, Alexandrea Martin. The eldest, named Amarah Skye, born on November 13, 1989, shares Goldberg's birthday.

In 1993, Goldberg was briefly involved with Ted Danson, her co-star in Made in America. Danson was married at the time and caring for his wife, who had survived a stroke while giving birth in 1979. There was controversy following a comedy routine at a Friars' Club roast in which Danson performed in blackface. Goldberg wrote the script.

Goldberg was involved in controversy in the summer of 2004 when, at a fundraiser for John Kerry at Radio City Music Hall in New York, Goldberg made a sexual joke about President George W. Bush, by waving a bottle of wine, pointing toward her vagina and saying: "We should keep Bush where he belongs, and not in the White House." Slim-Fast, the biggest company in US health shake market, took exception to these comments made by Goldberg and dropped her from their current ad campaign.

Goldberg is one of few to win an Oscar, a Grammy, a Tony, and an Emmy. She has starred in over 150 films, and during a period in the 1990s, Whoopi was the highest-paid actress of all time. Her humanitarian efforts include working for Comic Relief, recently reuniting with Billy Crystal and Robin Williams for the 20th Anniversary of Comic Relief.

In February 2002, Goldberg sent her Oscar statuette from Ghost to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to be cleaned and replated. During this time, the statuette was taken from its shipping container, and later retrieved by the shipping company, UPS.
She is currently working on creating the Stanton Award, awarded to best comedic performance. (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Mbunge Richard Nyaulawa afariki dunia

JK aongoza mamia kumuaga Nyaulawa

RAIS Jakaya Kikwete jana aliongoza mamia ya waombolezaji kuuaga mwili wa aliyekuwa mbunge wa Mbeya Vijijini (CCM), Bw. Richard Nyaulawa (57) aliyefariki alfajiri ya Jumapili iliyopita akiwa nyumbani kwake Dar es Salaam.

Rais Kikwete aliyeambatana na mkewe Mama Salma Kikwete, akionekana mwenye huzuni aliwaongoza mawaziri, wabunge na ndugu na marafiki wengine wa marehemu kuuaga mwili wa marehemu Nyaulawa katika ibada iliyofanyika kwenye Kanisa Katoliki la Mtakatifu Martha, Mikocheni, Dar es Salaam.

Nyaulawa aliyefariki kwa ugonjwa wa saratani ya ini pamoja na kuwa Mbunge na mjumbe wa Halmashauri Kuu ya Taifa ya CCM, pia alikuwa mmiliki na Mkurugenzi mwanzilishi wa kampuni ya magazeti ya Business Times inayochapisha magazeti ya Majira, Spoti Starehe, Dar Leo na Business Times.

Ibada ya kuaga mwili wa marehemu Nyaulawa ilianza saa saba mchana katika kanisa hilo ambapo Rais Kikwete aliwasili kwa kustukiza katika eneo hilo mara tu baada ya ibada ya kumwombea marehemu kumalizika ambao awali Naibu Spika wa Bunge, Bibi Anne Makinda ndiye aliyekuwa akiongoza msafara wa viongozi wa Bunge.

Mara baada ya kutoa heshima zake za mwisho Rais Kikwete alikaa pamoja na mjane na watoto wa marehemu kanisani hapo kwa muda akionekana kuguswa na msiba huo.

Mwili wa marehemu ilifikishwa katika kanisa hilo ukitokea nyumbani ambapo mamia ya waombolezaji walifika kuaga.

Bada ya mwili kufika kanisani hapo Padri Paulo Haule, aliendesha ibada maalumu kwa ajili ya kumuombea marehemu Nyaulawa kabla ya mwili wake kusafirishwa leo kwa maziko yatakayofanyika kijijini kwa marehemu, Ingala, Mbeya Vijijini.

Muumini mzuri

Akitoa mahubiri mbele ya waombolezaji, Padre Haule alisema marehemu alikuwa muumini na mtu aliyekuwa akimpenda sana Mungu kwani alikuwa Mwenyekiti wa Kamati ya Ujenzi wa Kanisa hilo aliyeyatumia madaraka yake vizuri kwa kuhamasisha waumini wenzake kuchangia ujenzi wa kanisa hilo huku na yeye binafsi akitoa misaada ya hali na mali.

Alisisitiza kuwa marehemu Nyaulawa alishirikiana na waumini wenzake katika ibada za jumuiya kwa kukaa kwenye mikeka na kusali pamoja bila kuonesha kuwa ni mtu mwenye uwezo wa kifedha wala madaraka makubwa ya ubunge.

Mchango wake ni thabiti

Wakiendelea kumuomboleza marehemu, baadhi ya wanasiasa mashuhuri nchini wamesema Bw. Nyaulawa atakumbukwa kwa mengi.

Kwa upande wake Bibi Anne Makinda alisema mchango wa marehemu Nyaulawa bungeni hautafutika kwa sababu alikuwa mbunge makini aliyechangia hoja zake kwa mpangilio, usahihi na hakudakia hoja.

Alimueleza marehemu kuwa mmoja wa watu wachache wa aina yake kwa sababu aliwapenda wabunge wenzake, wananchi wa jimbo lake na mikoa ya kusini inayozalisha chakula kwa wingi ya Ruvuma, Iringa, Mbeya na Rukwa.

Mwenyekiti wa Wamiliki wa Vyombo vya Habari nchini (MOAT), Bw. Reginald Mengi alisema marehemu alikuwa Katinu wake siku za awali katika chama hicho na siku zote alikuwa mtulivu tofauti na wengi wanaobahatika kuwa na fedha kuringa sana.

Mbunge wa Kasulu (CCM), Bw. Daniel Nsanzugwanko alisema marehemu Nyaulawa alimpokea aliporudi kutoka masomoni mwaka 1995 na kumpa kazi katika kampuni ya Business Care na katika kipindi hicho alikuwa mshauri mkubwa na kumpa mbinu za kubuni taasisi za kusaidia wananchi.

Aliongeza kuwa hivi karibuni marehemu alimdokeza kuwa baada ya kustaafu ubunge alikuwa na mkakati wa kuanzisha kituo cha kuwaendeleza waandishi wa habari.

Mwenyekiti wa Chama cha Demokrasia na Maendeleo (CHADEMA), Bw. Freeman Mbowe aliyejumuika na waombolezaji wengine kanisani hapo alisema msiba huo umewagusa sana wafanyabiashana na wanasiasa kama yeye ambaye naye ni mmiliki wa gazeti la Tanzania Daima.

Mbunge wa Igunga (CCM), Bw. Rostam Aziz alisema sifa kubwa ya marehemu ni kuwa alikuwa mpole, mwema na mahiri katika kuwasilisha na kutetea hoja zake bungeni.

Mbunge wa Simanjiro (CCM), Bw. Christopher Ole Sendeka alisema marehemu Nyaulawa alikuwa mtu mwenye msimamo katika mambo ya msingi na yenye maslahi kwa nchi na wananchi wa jimbo lake kwa sababu hakuyumba wala kutetereka.

Mbunge wa Kawe (CCM), Bibi Ritha Mlaki alisema atamkumbuka marehemu kwani alikuwa akisali naye katika Kanisa hilo ambako anakumbuka kuwa alitoa michango mkubwa ya ujenzi wa kanisa hilo na bungeni alikuwa akishauriana naye katika masuala mbalimbali ya kibiashara na kiuchumi.

Mbunge wa Kinondoni, Bw. Idd Azzan alisema marehemu hakuwa na dharau, alimheshimu kila mmoja wa rika tofauti bila kujali madaraka yake na kabla ya kifo chake alimfuata na kupewa ushauri katika mambo mbalimbali ya kiuchumi.

Mbunge wa Muleba Kusini, Bw, William Masilingi alisema wakati fulani aliwahi kusafiri na rais kwenda India ambapo alikwenda kumjulia hali marehemu Nyaulawa alipokuwa huko kwa matibabu ambapo alimwambia kuwa akipata nafuu ataendelea kukomboa wananchi wake kwa kilimo bora cha kutumia pembejeo kutoka mkoa wa Mbeya.

Naye mbunge wa kuteuliwa wa Mjini Magharibi anayewakilisha walemavu, Bibi Zulekha Haji alisema marehemu alikuwa mchangamfu na uwezo wake mkubwa ndiyo uliwafanya wabunge wamchague kuwa mwakilishi wao katika Bunge la Jumuiya ya Nchi za Kusini mwa Afrika (SADC). (source: majira, habari Na Peter Mwenda)

'Simplicity' and 'Openness' defined!

Simplicity is the property, condition, or quality of being simple or un-combined. It often denotes beauty, purity or clarity. Simple things are usually easier to explain and understand than complicated ones. Simplicity can mean freedom from hardship, effort or confusion. It may also refer to a simple living lifestyle.

Openness is a philosophy that is being used as the basis of how various groups and organizations operate. It is a relatively new term to describe this general way of doing things.
It is typified by communal management, and open access to the information or material resources needed for projects; openness to contributions from a diverse range of users/producers/contributors, flat hierarchies, and a fluid organisational structure. (source: wikipedia)

Tuesday, 11 November 2008

Remembrance Day (2)

Remembrance Dayalso known as Poppy Day, Armistice Day (the event it commemorates) or Veterans Day is a day to commemorate the sacrifices of members of the armed forces and of civilians in times of war, specifically since the First World War. It is observed on 11 November to recall the end of World War I on that date in 1918. (Major hostilities of World War I were formally ended at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 with the German signing of the Armistice.) The day was specifically dedicated by King George V, on 7 November 1919, to the observance of members of the armed forces who were killed during war; this was possibly done upon the suggestion of Edward George Honey to Wellesley Tudor Pole, who established two ceremonial periods of remembrance based on events in 1917. (source: wikipedia)

Remembrance Sunday

In the United Kingdom, Remembrance Sunday is the second Sunday of November, the Sunday nearest to 11 November (Remembrance Day), which is the anniversary of the end of the hostilities of the First World War at 11 a.m. in 1918.

In the United Kingdom, Remembrance Sunday is marked by ceremonies at local war memorials in most cities, towns and villages, attended by civic dignitaries, ex-servicemen and women (principally members of the Royal British Legion), members of local armed forces regular and reserve units (Royal Navy and Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Marines and Royal Marines Reserve, Army and Territorial Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Auxiliary Air Force), youth organisations (e.g. Scouts and Guides), and military cadet forces (Air cadets, Army cadets and Sea cadets). Wreaths of poppies are laid on the memorials and two-minutes' silence is held at 11 a.m. (source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

Remembrance Day

Today 11/11/2008, at 11:00 GMT, is the 90th Reme,brance Day in UK to remember its fallen heroes.

The Rembrance Sunday was held on Sunday 09/11/2008, the Sunday preceding the Rembrance Day where the 2 minutes of silence all over the UK at 11:00. All football matches played on Saturday and Sunday were preceded with a 2 minute-silence.

Jobs in UK for non-EU migrants!

Jobs list for non-EU immigrants

The list of jobs open to immigrants from outside the EU has been published. Jobs list for non-EU immigrants Ministers accepted the recommendations of an expert panel about which jobs there were not enough British workers to fill.

Social workers, which were not recommended by the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC), were added to the list by ministers.

The shortage occupation list includes civil and chemical engineers, some construction managers, geologists, and senior nurses.

The Home Office said there was some evidence about social workers the MAC had not examined and social worker posts were being added to the list as a precaution.

Skilled chefs and senior care workers, new additions to the list, are to be reviewed.

Maths and science teachers are on the list but the MAC will re-examine the evidence for all teaching jobs by March next year.

Town planners, which are not on the list, will also be kept under review.

Immigration minister Phil Woolas said the new list meant there would be 200,000 fewer jobs available to migrants.

Ian Johnston, chief executive of the British Association of Social Workers welcomed the decision. He said 12% of social worker posts were unfilled across the country. "I think the decision reflects the fact that it remains relatively difficult to recruit social workers especially for jobs working with children and families." (source: UK news, yahoo website)

Saturday, 8 November 2008

Man Utd: November fixtures

November 2008
01 Nov Barclays Premier League Hull City H 15:00 4 - 3 Ronaldo(2), Carrick, Vidic
05 Nov UEFA Champions League Celtic A 19:45 1 - 1 D Giggs
08 Nov Barclays Premier League Arsenal A 12:45 1 - 2 L Rafael
11 Nov League Cup (Carling) Queens Park Rangers H 20:00 W 1-0 Tevez (pen)
15 Nov Barclays Premier League Stoke City H 15:00 W 5-0 Ronaldo(2), Carrick, Berbatov, Danny Welbeck
22 Nov Barclays Premier League Aston Villa A 17:30 D 0-0
25 Nov UEFA Champions League Villarreal CF A 19:45 D 0-0
30 Nov Barclays Premier League Man City A 13:30 W 1-0 Rooney

Mikopo Elimu ya Juu

Serikali imesema haitakopesha wanavyuo kwa asilimia 100 kama wanavyoomba iwe. Kwa hiyo wanafunzi wataendelea kuchangia gharama kama ilivyo sasa.


'good things happen to those who wait'

'women know better of what is going on than men'

'sometimes a lie for a good reason is a good lie'
-Mma Ramotswe, The No.1 Ladies' Detective Agency film (2008) based on Alexander Mc Smith book
'... in this business we are used to working with fatigue! ... I am this company - if I don't work 80 to 120 people don't work!'
-trisha goddard, (d/mirror; pg 21), 03/09/2008
'uwaonao wazuri na wabaya ni haohao. amini usiamini mtu kukuchekea si kufurahi nawe kaka!
-ddc mlimani park orchestra, sikinde. wimbo: wabaya na wazuri (nalala kwa taabu)
'I never write off anyone. everybody is a new opportunity. you get knockbacks, it's how you respond'
-steve coppell, reading fc manager, 02/10/2008
'siri zako mwambie Mungu maana Mungu hana unafiki'
-angela chibalonza muliri, wimbo: nataka nifanane nawe (Yesu), album: nimekutana na Yesu
'happiness is knowing goodness and doing good'
-father christopher, breakfast -bbc1 tv, 20/10/2008 06:50 BST
'there are two mistakes we can not afford to make in life; i.e. giving up and not starting'
-open house, bbc one, 01/10/2008 11:09 BST
'you never win if you don't fight'
-Harriet Harman MP, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party, at the Manchester Central Conference Centre 24/09/2008, 13:27 BST.
'I like the dreams of the future better than stories of the past'
-Mark Warner, Gov. Virginia (2002-06). Democrats National Convention. 27/08/2008),

EPA: watuhumiwa kutoka BoT mahakamani

Watuhumiwa zaidi kuhusu kashfa ya EPA wamesomewa mashtaka jana. Hawa ni wafanyakazi wa Benki Kuu ya TZ.

Friday, 7 November 2008

EPA: watuhumiwa wafikishwa mahakamani

Watuhumiwa wa kashfa ya EPA wameafikishwa mahakamani wiki hii na sserikali kujibu tuhuma dhidi yao.

Happy birthday Rio!

Manchester United defender, Rio Ferdinand is celebrating his 30th birthday today!
Happ birthday Rio!!

Tuesday, 4 November 2008

Obama, mkewe wapiga kura

Barack and Michelle Cast Their Ballots
(By Amanda Scott - Nov 4th, 2008 at 9:37 am EST)


Celtic v. MU: United's squad to Glasgow

The travelling squad: Goalkeepers: Kuszczak, Foster; Defenders: Neville, Ferdinand, Vidic, Evra, O'Shea, Rafael, Evans; Midfielders: Possebon, Anderson, Fletcher, Nani, Ronaldo, Gibson, Giggs, Carrick, Park; Strikers: Tevez, Berbatov, Rooney.
Aside from long-term injury victims Paul Scholes and Owen Hargreaves, Wes Brown and Edwin van der Sar were the only two Reds left in Manchester as the squad flew out to Scotland on Tuesday afternoon. An ankle knock has kept Brown out while Van der Sar has been rested with Ben Foster set to be handed his Champions League debut against Celtic tomorrow (KO 19:45 GMT)